Journal of Geodesy and Geoinformation Science ›› 2022, Vol. 5 ›› Issue (1): 73-90.doi: 10.11947/j.JGGS.2022.0108

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Low-Rank and Sparse Representation with Adaptive Neighborhood Regularization for Hyperspectral Image Classification

Zhaohui XUE(),Xiangyu NIE   

  1. School of Earth Sciences and Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing 211100, China
  • Received:2021-06-25 Accepted:2021-12-06 Online:2022-03-20 Published:2022-03-31
  • About author:Zhaohui XUE (19 —), male, PhD, youth professor, and his interests include hyperspectral image classification, time-series image analysis, pattern recognition, and machine learning. E-mail:
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Foundation of China(41971279);Fundamental Research Funds of the Central Universities(B200202012)


Low-Rank and Sparse Representation (LRSR) method has gained popularity in Hyperspectral Image (HSI) processing. However, existing LRSR models rarely exploited spectral-spatial classification of HSI. In this paper, we proposed a novel Low-Rank and Sparse Representation with Adaptive Neighborhood Regularization (LRSR-ANR) method for HSI classification. In the proposed method, we first represent the hyperspectral data via LRSR since it combines both sparsity and low-rankness to maintain global and local data structures simultaneously. The LRSR is optimized by using a mixed Gauss-Seidel and Jacobian Alternating Direction Method of Multipliers (M-ADMM), which converges faster than ADMM. Then to incorporate the spatial information, an ANR scheme is designed by combining Euclidean and Cosine distance metrics to reduce the mixed pixels within a neighborhood. Lastly, the predicted labels are determined by jointly considering the homogeneous pixels in the classification rule of the minimum reconstruction error. Experimental results based on three popular hyperspectral images demonstrate that the proposed method outperforms other related methods in terms of classification accuracy and generalization performance.

Key words: Hyperspectral Image (HSI); spectral-spatial classification; Low-Rank and Sparse Representation (LRSR); Adaptive Neighborhood Regularization (ANR)